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ORDER PROHIBITING OUTDOOR RELIEF, 1844.


To the GUARDIANS OF THE POOR of the several Unions named in the Schedule hereunto annexed ;—

To the CHURCHWARDENS and OVERSEERS of the several Parishes and Places comprised in the said Unions ;—

To the CLERK or CLERKS to the Justices of the Petty Sessions held for the Division or Divisions in which the Parishes and Places comprised within the said Unions are situate ;—

And to all others whom it may concern.

WE, THE POOR LAW COMMISSIONERS, in pursuance of the authorities vested in Us by an Act passed in the fifth year of the reign of His late Majesty King William the Fourth, intituled "An Act for the Amendment and better Administration of the Laws relating to the Poor in England and Wales," ... do hereby Order, Direct, and Declare, with respect to each and every of the Unions named in the Schedule hereunto annexed, as follows:

ARTICLE 1. — Every able-bodied person, male or female, requiring relief from any Parish within any of the said Unions, shall be relieved wholly in the Workhouse of the Union, together with such of the family of every such able-bodied person as may be resident with him or her, and may not be in employment, and together with the wife of every such able-bodied male person, if he be a married man, and if she be resident with him ; save and except, in the following cases :—

1st. Where such person shall require relief on account of sudden and urgent necessity.

2d. Where such person shall require relief on account of any sickness, accident, or bodily or mental infirmity affecting such person, or any of his or her family.

3d. Where such person shall require relief for the purpose of defraying the expenses, either wholly or in part, of the burial of any of his or her family .

4th. Where such person, being a widow, shall be in the first six months of her widowhood.

5th. Where such person shall be a widow, and have a legitimate child or legitimate children dependent upon her, and incapable of earning his, her, or their livelihood, and have no illegitimate child born, after the commencement of her widowhood.

6th. Where such person shall be confined in any gaol or place of safe custody, subject always to the regulation contained in Article 4.

7th. Where such person shall be the wife, or child, of any able-bodied man who shall be in the service of Her Majesty as a soldier, sailor, or marine.

8th. Where any able-bodied person, not being a soldier, sailor, or marine, shall not reside within the Union, but the wife, child, or children of such person shall reside within the same, the Board of Guardians of the Union, according to their discretion, may, subject to the regulation contained in Article 4, afford relief in the Workhouse to such wife, child, or children, or may allow out-door relief for any such child or children being within the age of nurture, and resident with the mother within the Union.

ART. 2. — In every case in which out-door relief shall be given on account of sickness, accident, or infirmity, to any able-bodied male person resident within any of the said Unions, or to any member of the family of any able-bodied male person, an extract from the Medical Officer's Weekly Report (if any such Officer shall have attended the case), stating the nature of such sickness, accident, or infirmity, shall be specially entered in the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Board of Guardians of the day on which the relief is ordered or subsequently allowed.

But if the Board of Guardians shall think fit, a certificate under the hand of a Medical Officer of the Union, or of the Medical Practitioner in attendance on the party, shall be laid before the Board, stating the nature of such sickness, accident, or infirmity, and a copy of the same shall be in like manner entered in the Minutes.

ART. 3. — No relief shall be given from the poor-rates of any parish comprised in any of the said Unions to any person who does not reside in some place within the Union, save and except in the following cases :—

1st. Where such person, being casually within such parish, shall become destitute.

2d. Where such person shall require relief on account of any sickness, accident, or bodily or mental infirmity, affecting such person, or any of his or her family.

3d, Where such person shall be entitled to receive relief from any parish in which he or she may not be resident, under any order which Justices may by law be authorized to make.

4th. Where such person, being a widow, shall be in the first six months of her widowhood.

5th. Where such person is a widow, who has a legitimate child dependent on her for support, and no illegitimate child born after the commencement of her widowhood, and who at the time of her husband's death was resident with him in some place other than the parish of her legal settlement, and not situated in the Union in which such Parish may be comprised.

6th. Where such person shall be a child under the age of sixteen, maintained in a Workhouse or establishment for the education of pauper children not situate within the Union.

7th. Where such person shall be the wife or child residing within the Union, of some person not able-bodied, and not residing within the Union.

8th. Where such person shall have been in the receipt of relief from some parish in the Union from which such person seeks relief, at some time within the twelve calendar months next preceding the date of that one of the several Orders hereinbefore recited which was applicable to that Union, being settled in such parish and not being resident within the Union at the time of the allowance of the relief.

ART. 4. — Where the husband of any woman is beyond the seas, or in custody of the law, or in confinement in a licensed house or asylum as a lunatic or idiot, all relief which the Guardians shall give to his wife, or her child or children, shall be given to such woman in the same manner and subject to the same conditions, as if she were a widow.

ART. 5. — It shall not be lawful for the Guardians, or any of their Officers, or for the Overseer or Overseers of any Parish in the Union, to pay, wholly or in part, the rent of the house or lodging of any pauper, or to apply any portion of the relief ordered to be given to any pauper in payment of any such rent, or to retain any portion of such relief for the purpose of directly or indirectly discharging such rent, in full or in part, for any such pauper.

Provided always, that nothing in this Article contained shall apply to any shelter or temporary lodging procured in any case of sudden and urgent necessity or mental imbecility, or shall be taken to prevent the said Guardians, in regulating the amount of relief to be afforded to any particular person, from considering the expense to be incurred by such person in providing lodging.

ART. 6. — Provided always, that in case the Guardians of any of the said Unions depart in any particular instance from any of the regulations herein-before contained, and within fifteen days after such departure report the same, and the grounds thereof, to the Poor Law Commissioners, and the Poor. Law Commissioners approve of such departure, then the relief granted in such particular instance shall, if otherwise lawful, not be deemed to be unlawful, or be subject to be disallowed.

ART. 7. — No relief which may be contrary to any regulation in this Order shall be given by way of loan; and any relief which may be given to, or on account of, any person above the age of twenty-one, or to his wife, or any part of his or her family under the age of sixteen, under Art. 1, or any of the exceptions thereto, or under any of the exceptions to Art. 3, or under Art. 4, or under the proviso in Art. 6, may, if the Guardians think fit, be given by way of loan.

ART. 8. — Whenever the word "Parish" is used in this Order, it shall be taken to include any place separately maintaining its own poor, whether parochial or extra-parochial.

ART. 9. — Whenever the word "Union" is used in this Order, it shall be taken to include not only an Union of Parishes formed under the provisions of the hereinbefore-recited Act, but also any Union of Parishes incorporated or united for the relief or maintenance of the poor under any Local Act of Parliament.

ART. 10. — Whenever the word "Guardians" is used in this order, it shall be taken to include not only Guardians appointed, or entitled to act, under the provisions of the said hereinbefore-recited Act, but also any Governors, Directors, Managers, or Acting Guardians entitled to act in the ordering of relief to the poor from the poor-rates under any Local Act of Parliament.

ART. 11. — Whenever in this order any Article is referred to by its number, the article of this order bearing that number shall be taken to be signified thereby.


Schedule containing the Names of the Unions to which the present Order applies.

Aberaeron
Abergavenny
Aberystwith
Abingdon
Albans, St.
Alcester
Alderbury
Alnwick
Alresford
Alton
Altrincham
Amersham
Amesbury
Ampthill
Andover
Asaph, St.
Ashby-de-la-Zouch
Ashford, East
Ashford, West
Aston
Atcham
Atherstone
Auckland
Austell, St.
Axbridge
Axminster
Aylesbury
Aylesford, North
Aylsham
Bakewell
Bala
Banbury
Barnet
Barnstaple
Barrow-upOn-Soar.
Basford
Basingstoke
Bath
Battle.Beaminster
Bedale
Bedford
Bedminster
Belford
Bellingham
Belper
Berkhampstead
Berwick-upon-Tweed
Beverley
Bicester
Bideford
Biggleswade
Billericay
Billesdom
Bingham
Bishop Stortford
Blaby
Blandford
Blean
Blofield
Blything
Bosmere and Claydon
Boston
Bourn
Brackley
Bradfield
Bradford (Wilts)
Braintree
Brampton
Brecknock
Bridge
Bridgend and Cowbridge
Bridgewater
Bridgnorth
Bridport
Brixworth
Bromsgrove
Bromyard
Buckingham
Buntingford
Burton-upon-Trent
Bury Saint Edmunds
Caistor
Caine
Cambridge
Cardiff
Cardigan
Carmarthen
Castle Ward
Catherington
Caxton and Arrington
Cerne
Chailey
Chapel-en-le-Frith
Chard
Cheadle
Chelmsford
Cheltenham
Chepstow
Chesterfield
Chester-le-Street
Chesterton
Chippenham
Chipping Norton
Chipping Sodbury
Christchurch
Church Stretton
Cirencester
Cleobury Mortimer
Clifton
Clun
Clutton
Cockermouth
Colchester
Columb, St., Major
Cookham
Corwen
Cosford
Cranbrook
Crediton
Crickhowel
Cricklade and Wootton Bassett
Croydon
Cuckfield
Darlington
Dartford
Daventry
Depwade
Derby
Devizes
Docking
Doncaster
Dorchester
Dore
Dorking
Dover
Downham
Drayton
Driffield
Droitwich
Droxford
Dudley
Dunmow
Durham
Dursley
Easingwold
Eastbourne
East Grinstead
Easthampst.ad
East Retford
Eastry
East Ward
Elham
Ellesmere
Ely
Epping
Epsom
Erpingham
Eton
Evesham
Faith, St.
Fareham
Faringdon
Faversham
Festiniog
Flegg, East and West
Foleshill.
Fordingbridge
Forehoe
Freebridge Lynn
Frome
Gainsborough
Germans, St.
Glanford Brigg
Glendale
Glossop
Gloucester
Godstone
Goole
Grantham
Gravesend and Milton
Guildford
Guiltcross
Guisbrough
Hailsham
Halstead
Haltwhistle
Hambledon
Hardingstone
Hartismere
Hartley Wintney
Hastings
Havant
Haverfordwest
Hay
Hayfield
Headington
Hemel Hempstead
Henley
Henstead
Hereford
Hertford
Hexham
Highworth and Swindon
Hinckley
Htchin
Holbeach
Hollingbourn
Holywell
Honiton
Hoo
Horncastle
Horsham
Houghton-le-Spring
Howden
Hoxne
Hungerford
Huntingdon
Hursley
Ipswich
Ives, St.
Kettering
Keynsham
Kidderminster
Kingsbridge
Kingsclere
King's Norton
Kington
Knighton
Lanchester
Langport
Launceston
Ledbury
Leek
Leighton Buzzard
Leominster
Lewes
Lexden & Winstree
Leyburn
Lichfield
Lincoln
Linton
Liskeard
Liandilo
Fawr
Llandovery
Llanelly
Llanfyilin
Loddon and Clavering
Longtown
Loughborough
Louth
Ludlow
Luton
Lutterworth
Lymington
Madeley
Maidstone
Maldon
Malling
Malmsbury
Maldon
Mansfield
Market Bosworth
Market Harborough
Marlborough
Martley
Medway
Melksham
Melton
Mowbray
Mere
Meriden
Midhurst
Mildenhall
Milton
Mitford and Launditch
Monmouth
Morpeth
Nantwich
Narberth
Neath
Neot's, St.
Newark
Newbury
Newcastle-in-Emlyn
Newcastle-under-Lyme
Newent
New Forest
Newhaven
Newmarket
Newport (Monmouth)
Newport (Salop)
Newport Pagnell
Newton Abbot
Northampton
Northleach
Northwich
North Witchford
Nuneaton
Peterborough
Petersfield
Petworth
Pewsey
Pickering
Plomesgate
Plympton, St. Mary
Pont-y-pool
Poole
Portsea Island
Potterspury
Pwillieli
Reading
Redruth
Reeth
Reigate
Richmond (Yorkshire)
Ringwood
Risbridge
Rochford
Romford
Romney Marsh
Romsey
Ross
Rothbury
Royston
Rugby
Ruthin
Rye
Saffron Walden
Samford
Scarborough
Sculcoates
Sedgefield
Seisdon
Selby
Sevenoaks
Shaftesbury
Shardlow
Sheppey
Shepton Mallett
Sherborne
Shiffnal
Shipston-upon-Stour
Skirlaugh
Sleaford
Southam
South Molton
South Shields
South Stoneham
Southwell
Spalding
Spilsby
Stafford
Staines
Stamford
Steyning
Stockbridge
Stone
Stourbridge
Stow
Stow-on-the-Wold
Stratford-upon-Avon
Stroud
Sturminster
Sudbury
Swaffham
Swansea
Tamworth
Taunton
Tavistock
Teesdale
Tenbury
Tendring
Tenterden
Tetbury
Tewkesbury
Thakeham
Thame
Thanet, Isle of
Thetford
Thingoe
Thirsk
Thomas, St.
Thornbury
Thorne
Thrapston
Ticehurst
Tishury
Tiverton
Tonbridge
Torrington
Totnes
Towcester
Tunstead and Happing
Tynemouth
Uckfield
Uppingham
Upton-upon-Severn
Uttoxeter
Uxbridge
Wallingford
Walsall
Walsingham
Wangford
Wantage
Ware
Wareham and Purbeck
Warminster
Warwick
Watford
Wayland
Weardale
Wellingborough
Wellington (Salop)
Wellington (Somerset)
Wells
Welwyn
Wem
Weobly
Westbourne
West Bromwich
Westbury-upon-Severn
Westbury and Whorwelsdown
West Firle
West Ham
West Hampnett
West Ward
Weymouth
Wheatenhurst
Whitby
Whitchurch
Whitehaven
Wigton
Williton
Wilton
Wimborne and Cranborne
Wincanton
Winchcombe
Winchester, New
Windsor
Winslow
Wirrall
Wisbeach
Witham
Witney
Woburn
Wokingham
Wolstanton and Burslem
Wolverhampton
Woodbridge
Woodstock
Worcester
Worksop
Wrexham
Wycombe
Yeovil

Given under our Hands and Seal of Office, this Twenty-first day of December, in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and forty-four,
 
(Signed) GEO. NICHOLLS. G.
C. LEWIS.
EDMUND W. HEAD.

[Outdoor Relief Prohibitory Intro 1844] [Outdoor Labour Test Order 1842] [Consolidated General Order 1847] [Workhouse Home Page]

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