Hawarden had an old "House of Correction", a term that covered a variety of institutions, situated on Glynne Way . This one was a small town "lock-up" where one person could be held for a short period.
Hawarden Poor Law Union officially came into being on 1st February, 1853, and encompassed the western part of the Great Boughton union which the Poor Law Board had decided covered too great an area. The new Hawarden union included parishes in Flintshire and, until 1871, Cheshire. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 20 in number, representing its 15 constituent parishes as listed below (figures in brackets indicate numbers of Guardians if more than one):
County of Chester:
Doddleston, Eaton, Eccleston, Lower Kinnerton, Marlston-with-Leach, Poulton, Pulford, Great Saughall, Little Saughall, Shotwick, Shotwick Park, Woodbank.
County of Flint: Hawarden (6), Higher Kinnerton, Saltney.
The population falling within the new union at the 1851 census had been 8,513 with parishes ranging in size from Shotwick Park (population 13) to Hawarden itself (5,349). The average annual poor-rate expenditure for the period 1850-52 had been £2,534 or 5s.11d. per head of the population.
The new union erected a workhouse in 1853-4 as a site to the north-east of Broughton. The building had an H-shaped structure with two parallel ranges running east-west connected by a short central block. The workhouse location and layout are shown on the 1911 map below.
After 1938, the workhouse became Broughton Public Assistance Institution but was adapted for use as a mental hospital. It then became Broughton Hospital, which finally closed in 1994. The buildings have now been completely demolished and replaced by a housing estate.
Note: many repositories impose a closure period of up to 100 years for records identifying individuals.
- Flintshire Record Office, The Old Rectory, Rectory lane, Hawarden, Flintshire, CH5 3NR. Holdings include: Guardians' minute books (1857-1930, with gaps); Creed register (1914-21); Casuals' admissions and discharges (1916-32); Ledgers (1919-1930); etc.
- Phoenix, Rhona Life in the Hawarden Union Workhouse, Broughton 1855-1930 (2011)
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