Workhouse Records in the UK National Archives
The UK National Archives (TNA) at Kew, West London, holds little material relating to the pre-1834 parish-based system of poor law administration. It does, however, hold a very large collection of records relating to the central administration of post-1834 poor law unions. These records include:
- Correspondence between the Poor Law Commission/Board and union officials. Part of the correspondence for more than twenty unions (Axminster, Basford, Berwick upon Tweed, Bishop's Stortford, Blything, Bromsgrove, Cardiff, Clutton, Keighley, Kidderminster, Liverpool, Llanfyllin, Mansfield, Mitford & Launditch, Newcastle under Lyme, Newport Pagnell, Reeth, Rye, Southampton, Southwell, Truro, Tynemouth, Wolstanton & Burslem) is now searchable online on the TNA website
with an accompanying guide available from The British Association for Local History.
- Staff lists (held centrally to prevent discharged employees obtaining a union post elsewhere)
- Large-scale workhouse architectural plans from 1861-1918. These items (81 large boxes) are not individually catalogued, however.
Most poor-law material is filed under the MH (Ministry of Health) sections of the TNA catalogue. There is an online guide to the types of material included under the various MH sub-sections. The TNA catalogue can be searched online, although you need to visit the TNA to actually see any of the documents (other than the above-mentioned correspondence).
The TNA website also hosts a number of other useful resources such as:
- The Hospital Records database which contains information relating to the availability of records for around 3,000 hospitals, many of which began life as workhouses.
- The National Archives' Discovery database — a searchable catalogue of a large number of English archives. A search for a phrase such as "Dover Poor Law Union" (with quote marks included) will often locate any relevant workhouse records.
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